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Redux and Next.js: Introduction and Differences

Posted on October 27, 2023 at 9:26 AM

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Krste Rajchevski

Software Engineer @ Bugpilot

Redux: A Brief Overview

Redux is a predictable state management library for JavaScript applications. It provides a centralized store to manage the state of an application and offers a set of principles for managing data flow. Redux is often used with React, but it can be used with any JavaScript framework or library.

Redux Core Concepts

To understand Redux, it is important to grasp its core concepts. Redux follows a unidirectional data flow, where the state of the entire application is stored in a single JavaScript object called the "store". The state can only be modified by dispatching actions, which are plain JavaScript objects that describe the changes to be made. Reducers are pure functions that take the current state and an action, and return the new state based on the action type.

1// Example Redux store configuration
2const initialState = {
3  counter: 0
5const counterReducer = (state = initialState, action) => {
6  switch (action.type) {
7    case 'INCREMENT':
8      return {
9        ...state,
10        counter: state.counter + 1
11      };
12    case 'DECREMENT':
13      return {
14        ...state,
15        counter: state.counter - 1
16      };
17    default:
18      return state;
19  }
21const store = Redux.createStore(counterReducer);

Redux also provides middleware, which allows for additional functionality to be added to the dispatch process, such as logging or handling asynchronous actions. Redux DevTools is a popular extension that provides a UI to inspect and manipulate the state of a Redux application.

Next.js: An Introduction

Next.js is a React framework for building server-rendered applications. It combines the benefits of server-side rendering (SSR) with the simplicity and ease of use of React. Next.js offers features like automatic code splitting, static site generation, and serverless deployment.

Key Features of Next.js

Next.js incorporates several key features that make it a powerful framework for building web applications. One of the standout features is server-side rendering, which allows for faster initial page loads and improved SEO. Next.js also supports automatic code splitting, enabling efficient loading of JavaScript and CSS files. The framework offers a straightforward API for handling server-side rendering and routing, making it easy to build complex applications.

Differences Between Redux and Next.js

Although Redux and Next.js are both powerful tools for building JavaScript applications, they have different purposes and use cases. Here are some of the key differences between the two:

State Management vs. Server-Side Rendering

The primary focus of Redux is state management. It provides a predictable way of managing application state and data flow. Redux is a standalone library and can be used with any JavaScript framework. On the other hand, Next.js is a framework that focuses on server-side rendering and offers features like automatic code splitting and routing. While Redux can be used with Next.js, it is not mandatory, and Next.js provides its own mechanisms for state management.

Complexity and Learning Curve

Redux has a steeper learning curve compared to Next.js, primarily due to its concepts like actions, reducers, and middleware. While Redux can be powerful for managing complex state, it may be overkill for simpler applications. Next.js, on the other hand, provides a simpler and more straightforward approach to building server-rendered React applications, making it easier to get started.

Use Cases

Redux is best suited for managing complex application state that needs to be shared across multiple components. It is well-suited for large-scale applications with a lot of state-related logic. Next.js, on the other hand, excels at building server-rendered applications and is a good fit for projects that require server-side rendering or SSR for better performance and SEO.


Redux and Next.js are both powerful tools in the JavaScript ecosystem, but they serve different purposes. Redux focuses on state management, providing a predictable way to manage application state, while Next.js is a framework for building server-rendered React applications. Understanding the differences between the two will help you make the right choice for your project. Whether you decide to use Redux, Next.js, or a combination of both, you now have the knowledge to confidently build your JavaScript applications.

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